The Politics of Hope

The Politics of Hope

Overview

Overview

In The Politics of Hope Jonathan Sacks proposes a new understanding of society, based on covenant as well as contract. This, he argues, creates a new politics of responsibility in which families, neighbourhoods, communities, voluntary organisations and religious groups all have a part to play. How, he asks, do we move from social breakdown to the politics of hope?

Index


A

  • abortion 28, 113, 131, 186
  • Abraham 58, 155, 215
  • Abrahams, Israel: Hebrew Ethical Wills 87-8
  • Acton, Lord 67-8
  • Adam 57-8, 61, 85, 86
  • adultery 194
  • Alsace: anti-Jewish riots 98
  • altruism 206-7, 228, 237
  • animal liberation campaign 28
  • anti-Semitism 98-101, 175, 256, 268
  • apocalyptic views 11, 258-9, 260
  • Aries, Philippe: Centuries of Childhood 83
  • Aristotle 49, 56, 176, 178, 205, 219-20
    • Nicomachean Ethics 207, 222-3
  • Arnold, Matthew 25
    • Culture and Anarchy 56
  • associations, formation of 55-9, 106, 167-70, 205-7
  • autonomy 33, 36, 39, 85, 86, 130, 144, 145, 177, 234
    • Kantian 90, 101, 105, 121, 142, 176
    • Sartrean 95-6
  • Axelrod, Robert xiv, 206, 237
  • Ayer, A. J.: Language, Truth and Logic 31, 95, 96, 121, 180

B

  • Bar Kochba rebellion 153, 157, 159
  • Bell, Daniel 120
  • Bellah, Robert 49
    • Habits of the Heart 2-3, 231, 258
  • Benedict, Ruth: Patterns of Culture 116
  • Bennett, William J. 11n, 178
  • The Book of Virtues 178-9
  • The De-valuing of America 178
  • Index of Leading Cultural Indicators 7n
  • Bentham, Jeremy 91-2, 100, 101
  • Berger, Peter 84 (and H. Kellner)
    • Sociology Reinterpreted 159
  • Berlin, Isaiah 35, 47, 121
    • Four Essays on Liberty ‘Two Concepts of Liberty’ 33-4, 113, 243-4
  • Bible, the 30, 57-8, 61-2, 85, 86, 150, 151, 155, 156, 215, 258, 259-60
  • Bickerton, Derek 220
  • Blair, Tony xi-xii
  • Bloom, Allan: The Closing of the American Mind 34, 183
  • Bloom, Harold: A Map of Misreading 254-5
  • Bodin, Jean: The Six Books of a Commonwealth 55
  • Bradley, F. H. 223
  • brain size 238-9
  • Brien, Alan 30
  • British Medical Association: ‘survival handbook’ 125
  • Buber, Martin 99
  • Bulger, James 7, 25
  • Burke, Edmund 49, 183, 223, 239
    • Reflections on the Revolution in France 80, 103, 114, 116, 140, 182-3, 191, 204, 225-6

C

  • Calvinism 83
  • capitalism 41, 83, 104, 117, 124, 127-8, 235, 240, 241, 242
  • Cardozo, Justice 120
  • Carey, Dr George, Archbishop of Canterbury 19-22, 23, 211, 212
  • Catholicism
    • and emancipation 72-3, 140
    • and individualism 83
  • CBS 9
  • Chalmers, Thomas 119
    • Christian and Civic Economy of Large Towns 252
  • character, human
    • and social change 78-90, 133
    • Victorian focus on 249-55, 256-7
  • charity/charities 118-20
    • Victorian 74-5, 119, 245, 251-2
  • Chesterton, G. K. 183, 256
  • children 10-11
    • and crime 17-18, 22, 186
    • education of 15, 18-19, 20, 37
    • and family breakdown 2, 10, 127, 185-97
    • illegitimate 10, 125, 126-7, 186
    • and nationalisation of responsibility 132-4
    • in Victorian era 248-9
    • see also education; schools
  • Chomsky, Noam 218
    • church, the 8, 20
    • and the state 68-70, 73, 76, 136-7
    • see also religion
  • Churchill, Sir Winston 30
  • civil society xiv
  • Clermont-Tonnerre, Count of 98-9
  • Clinton, Bill xi-xii, 128
  • Cobain, Kurt 11
  • Coleman, James xiii-xiv
  • Coleridge, Samuel Taylor 25, 247
  • collectivism 4, 47, 48
  • Colquhoun, Patrick 247
  • communism 123-4, 235; see also Marx, Karl
  • communitarianism xiv, 48-9, 62-3, 170-2, 190-1, 193, 229-32
  • communities
    • disintegration of xv, 234
    • importance of xiv, xv, 15, 136, 224-5, 245-6, 268
    • see also communitarianism
  • congregations xiv
  • conscience 37, 66, 70-2
  • consumer ethic 240-41
  • covenantal bond xvi-xvii
  • covenantal relationships xiv
  • covenants 12, 61-4, 206, 266
    • of Judaism 100, 101
  • crime xii, 2, 9, 12, 13, 17-18, 22, 48, 124-5, 126, 186, 246-7, 248, 253, 264

D

  • Darwin, Charles 92, 206, 237
    • The Descent of Man 237n
  • Defoe, Daniel 246
  • democracy 37, 41, 47, 60, 166-7
  • demoralisation 14, 26
  • Denney, Reuel see Riesman, David
  • Dennis, Norman 49, 190 (and A. H. Halsey)
    • English Ethical Socialism 226
  • depressive illness 48, 125-6, 133, 186, 188
  • Descartes, Rene 82, 180
  • Devlin, Lord Patrick: The Enforcement of Morals 1, 75-6, 158
  • Diana, Princess 12
  • Dickens, Charles 25, 185-7, 189, 191;
    • Bleak House 107
    • Oliver 256
    • Our Mutual Friend 256
  • Dio 153, 159
  • Disraeli, Benjamin 255
    • Sybil 245-6, 247, 249
  • divorce 10, 12, 110, 125, 187-8, 192 see also families, breakdown of
  • Donne, John 196
  • Draper, John William: History of the American Civil War 82
  • Dunblane primary school massacre 12
  • Durkheim, Emile: The Division of Labour in Society 161
  • duties
    • of citizens 62, 63
    • and rights 130, 131, 241
  • Dworkin, Ronald 29
    • Law’s Empire 205
    • Life’s Dilemma 200

E

  • ecological perspectives 224-5,
  • economic growth 235
  • education xii, 206
    • and Judaism 155-8, 160
    • and morality 175-84
    • see also schools
  • egalitarianism 202-3, 205
  • Eichmann, Adolf 107
  • Elazar, Daniel: People and Polity 63
  • Eleazar 87-9, 96
  • Eliezer, Rabbi 150-2, 157
  • Eliot, George: Daniel Deronda 255-6
  • Eliot, T. S. 25, 183, 256
  • emancipation 72-3, 76, 140
  • emotivism 31-3, 121
  • employment xii, 13
  • emunah 63
  • Engels, Friedrich 104
    • The Origin of the Family 93
  • Enlightenment, the 13, 32, 99-108, 142, 144, 146, 170, 179-80, 217-18, 219, 229, 262-3
  • Essenes 154, 156, 157, 159, 160
  • Etzioni, Amitai 49, 171
  • The Spirit of Community 171
  • Eurobarometer survey (1990) 131
  • euthanasia 131
  • existentialism 95-6, 215

F

  • faith xv
  • families
    • breakdown of xii, xv 2, 10, 18, 22, 48, 125-7, 234
    • importance of xiv, xv, 37, 44-5, 101-2, 130-1, 136, 168, 191-2, 263-4
    • and morality 101-4, 120, 121, 185-97, 212-13
    • strengthening of 192-7, 224, 248, 249, 252, 264-5
  • Ferguson, Adam x, 91, 137
  • Field, Frank 126, 254
  • Fielding, Henry 246- 7
  • ‘final solution’ 33, 34
  • Fitzgerald, F. Scott 256
  • forgiveness 238, 239
  • Foucault, Michel: The Order of Things 244
  • Franklin, Benjamin 253
  • fraternity 62, 114, 137, 202, 205-7
  • freedom see liberty
  • French Revolution 49, 80-1, 82, 98, 123, 202
  • Freud, Sigmund 93, 94, 95, 116
    • Totem and Taboo 94
  • Friedman, Milton 2
  • friendships see relationships
  • Fukuyama, Francis xiii-xiv, 124
    • The Great Disruption 235n
    • Trust … 41, 124, 135, 192, 226

G

  • Gaebler, Ted see Osborne, David
  • Galbraith, John Kenneth: The Culture of Contentment 128, 129
  • games theory xiv, 235, 236
  • Gauguin, Paul 143
  • Gellner, Ernest: Conditions of Liberty 123, 137n
  • ‘Generous’ 238
  • Giddens, Anthony xvi
  • Gladstone, W. E.: The State in its Relations with the Church 68, 69-70, 71
  • Glazer, Nathan see Riesman, David
  • Glendon, Mary Ann: Rights Talk 29, 139
  • globalisation xii
  • Godwin, William 102-3
  • Gombrich, Ernst 177
  • Gorbachev, Mikhail 124
  • government see state, the
  • Graeff, Roger: Living Dangerously 17
  • Gray, John 11, 49, 195;
    • After Social Democracy 172, 190-1, 192
    • Enlightenment’s Wake 142
  • Greece, ancient 39, 49, 56, 64, 66, 67, 165, 196, 222-3
  • Greene, Graham 256
  • Gurr, Ted Robert 248
  • Gusdorf, Georges 77

H

  • Hadrian, Emperor 153
  • Halevi, Judah 223
  • Halsey, A. H. 49, 126, 189, 190, 226
  • Hand, Judge Learned: ‘The Spirit of Liberty’ 43
  • Handy, Charles: The Empty Raincoat 128
  • happiness, pursuit of 202, 207-8, 209
  • Havel, Vaclav 124
    • Living in Truth 109
  • Hayek, Friedrich A. 111n, 138n, 191
    • The Constitution of Liberty 204-5
    • The Fatal Conceit 182
  • Hegel, G. W. F. 99, 101, 107, 223
  • Heidegger, Martin 99-100
  • Herder, Johann Gottfried 103-4
  • Herrnstein, Richard J. see Wilson, James Q.
  • Herzl, Theodor 174-5
    • Altneuland 175
  • Hill, Christopher 82
  • Himmelfarb, Gertrude 49
    • The De-moralization of Society 257
    • On Liberty and Liberalism . . . 111n, 255
    • On Looking into the Abyss 123
  • Hirschmann, A. O. 117
  • Hitler, Adolf 107
  • Hobbes, Thomas xiii, 49
    • Leviathan 58-60, 81, 91, 100, 103, 114, 133, 135, 136, 146, 170, 249, 264
  • Hobhouse, L. T.: Liberalism … 198, 209
  • Hobsbawm, Eric: Age of Extremes 11
  • Holocaust, the 34, 35, 268
  • homosexuality, laws on 112-13
  • hope and optimism 266-9
  • Hughes, Robert 132
  • Hulme, T. E.: Speculations 117-18
  • Hume, David x, 90, 91, 94-5, 100, 105, 121
    • Treatise of Human Nature 89-90, 95, 101

I

  • individual, the 33, 76, 103, 105, 163-5, 177
    • and associations 55-60
    • and the state xii, 49-50, 60, 71-2, 105, 132-3, 161
    • see also individualism
  • individualism 47, 48, 77-86, 95-7, 105, 110-11, 120, 121, 124, 166, 177-8
    • in Victorian era 249-50
  • industrial revolution 60, 74, 240, 246, 248
  • institutions 57, 64, 73, 212-13
    • as mediating structures 44
    • post-war changes in 36, 37, 38
    • see families; marriage etc.
  • Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma xiv, 237, 239, 242

J

  • Jacobs, Jane: The Death and Life of Great American Cities 51
  • Jakobovits, Lord 200
  • James, Oliver 8
  • Japanese 126, 242
  • Jefferson, Thomas 100, 250-1
  • Jerusalem 152-3, 154-5
  • Jews and Jewish civilisation 56, 61, 64, 66-7, 87-9, 200-1, 222-3
    • and anti-Semitism 98-101, 175, 256, 268
    • emancipation of 72-3
    • and immigration to Britain xv, 255-6
    • see also Judaism
  • Jochanan ben Zakkai, Rabban 154
  • Johnson, Dr Samuel 250
  • Josephus 153-4
  • Joshua ben Gamla 155
  • Judaeo-Christian tradition 13, 26, 37, 93, 95, 108, 219, 238, 260-1, 262, 268
  • Judaism 88, 100, 101, 149-58, 159-60, 165, 260, 268
    • see also Bible, the
  • justice 162-3, 165, 238

K

  • Kant, Immanuel 90-1, 94-6, 99, 100, 101, 103, 105, 107, 121, 142, 144, 176, 201
  • Kaus, Mickey: The End of Equality 202-3
  • Kellner, Hansfried see Berger, Peter
  • Kennedy, Robert 170-1
  • Keynes, John Maynard 2
  • kibbutzim 154n, 191
  • King, Martin Luther 43
  • kinship 62, 74, 266
  • Kuhn, T. S.: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions 180, 228

L

  • Lacan, Jacques 83
  • Lamennais, F. de 80-1
  • Landes, David: The Wealth and Poverty of Nations 240
  • language 238
    • failure of 29-30
    • and morality 217-21
  • Lasch, Christopher 10
    • The True and Only Heaven 266-7
  • ‘late capitalism’ 241
  • Lawrence, D. H. 225, 256
    • Kangaroo 87
  • laws and law-abidingness 39, 43-4, 230, 253-4
  • Leach, Sir Edmund 104
  • Letwin, Shirley Robin: The Anatomy of Thatcherism 74
  • Lewis, C. S.: The Abolition of Man 213
  • liberal democracy xv, 12, 13, 234, 243
  • liberalism 66-76
    • and libertarianism 1-4, 76, 97, 112-22, 134, 140-6, 232
    • ‘money’ 202-3
  • libertarianism xvii, 112-22, 123, 129-34, 200, 208-9, 228-9, 232, 234
  • liberty 1, 202, 203-5, 233; of conscience 66, 70-2
    • Mill on 91, 110-12, 204
    • and relativism 33-40, 46
    • see libertarianism
  • Lincoln, Abraham 36, 141
  • Livy 24
  • Locke, John 59, 81, 82, 114, 121, 140, 144, 146, 217, 218, 264
    • Letter Concerning Toleration 36, 70-1, 72
  • Lukes, Steven: Individualism 105
  • Luther, Martin 81, 83, 121

M

  • Macaulay, Lord 191-2, 255
    • Critical and Historical Essays 68, 69-70, 72-3
  • Macedo, Steven: Liberal Virtues 29
  • MacIntyre, Alasdair 48, 84, 136, 190
    • After Virtue 11, 32-3, 156, 160, 177-8, 179, 219-20, 221
    • Marxism and Christianity 260
    • A Short History of Ethics 83, 84
    • Whose Justice? Which Rationality? 144n, 180n
  • Macmurray, John: Persons in Relation 263
  • Magnet, Myron: The Dream and the Nightmare 9n
  • Maimonides, Moses 56, 222-3
    • Guide for the Perplexed 56
  • Maistre, Joseph de 81
  • Maritain, Jacques: Man and the State 217
  • marriage xv, 13, 37, 82, 102, 103, 125, 130-1, 187-9, 192-7, 212, 213, 266
  • Marx, Karl 93, 95, 100, 104, 116, 127, 180-1
    • A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy 81, 86
  • media, the 21-2, 23, 46, 210 see also press, the
  • mercy 238
  • meritocracy 127
  • Middle Ages 68-9, 144, 146
  • Midgley, Mary: Can’t We Make Moral Judgements? 210
  • Mill, Harriet (nee Taylor) 109-10, 111
  • Mill, John Stuart 109-10
    • Autobiography 255
    • Essays on Ethics … 204
    • Essays on Politics and Culture 38-9
    • On Liberty 47, 71, 91, 109, 110-12, 113, 121, 131, 167, 193, 204, 255
  • Montefiore, Sir Moses 228, 255
  • Montesquieu 102, 224
  • morality 15
    • as antidote to despair 265-9
    • concepts and systems of 59-60, 98-99, 100-1, 105-6, 138-9
    • contemporary 7-16, 36-40, 96-7, 124-7
    • debating 19-27, 40, 45-7, 49-50
    • dilemmas of 210-17
    • and emotivism 31-3
    • the Enlightenment and 13, 32, 101, 102, 105-8, 142-4, 146, 217-18, 219, 229, 262
    • and families 101-4, 120, 121, 185-97, 212-13
    • fragments xv
    • importance of 13, 227-8
    • language and 217-21
    • and libertarianism 112-22, 129-30, 133-4, 140-6
    • and politics 2, 3, 49, 195
    • privatisation of 3, 132
    • and relativism 28, 33-6, 210-17
    • and religion 20, 75-6, 91, 93–4, 110
    • teaching of 18-22, 62
    • and tradition 32-3, 87-9, 96
    • Victorian 245-57
    • see also virtue(s)
  • Moynihan, Daniel Patrick 126-7
  • MTV 11
  • Murdoch, Iris: The Sovereignty of Good 145n
  • Murray, Charles: The Bell Curve 128-9
    • In Pursuit 207
  • music 11
  • mutual aid movement 254

N

  • Nagel, Thomas: The View from Nowhere 144
  • Nash, John 41
    • National Forum for Values in Education and the Community 179
  • Natural Born Killers (film) 11
  • Nelson, Benjamin: The Idea of Usury 205
  • Neumann, John von 235-6
  • Neusner, Jacob: Conservative, American and Jewish 173
  • ‘new rich’ 128
  • Nietzsche, Friedrich 85, 93, 99, 100, 101, 107, 116
    • Beyond Good and Evil 93-4, 95
  • Novak, Michael 49
    • Awakening from Nihilism 12, 28
  • Nowak, Martin 238
  • Nozick, Robert 161
    • Anarchy, State and Utopia 2, 60, 162-3

O

  • Oakeshott, Michael 183
  • Orwell, George 25, 253
  • Osborne, David, and Gaebler, Ted: Reinventing Government 171-2

P

  • ‘paradigm shift’ 228
  • parenthood 18-19, 26, 102, 103, 117, 132
  • Passover, the 173-4, 175, 178,183
  • Pharisees 154, 157
  • philanthropy 118-20
    • Victorian 74-6, 119, 245, 251-2
  • Phillips, Melanie 49, 190
    • All Must Have Prizes 132n, 183
  • philosophes 110
  • Pinker, Steven: The Language Instinct 218, 220-1
  • Plamenatz, John: Man and Society 36, 66, 70
  • Plato 49
    • The Republic 92-3, 223
  • Polanyi, Michael: Personal Knowledge . . . 180
  • Pope, Alexander 107
  • Popper, Sir Karl 35, 47, 138n
  • positivism 31
  • Pound, Ezra 256
  • press, the 20-1, 22
  • Prisoner’s Dilemma 236, 237, 239
  • Prochaska, Frank: Royal Bounty … 75, 245, 254
  • progress 117, 266, 267
  • prophets, the 67, 260
  • Pulp Fiction (film) 11
  • punishment 36, 118, 120
  • Putnam, Robert xiii-xiv, 241, 242

R

  • Rapoport, Anatole xiv, 237
  • Rav Kahana 151, 152, 157
  • Rawls, John 140, 161
    • A Theory of Justice 2, 59, 162, 163
  • Reagan, Ronald 2, 127, 162, 178, 262
  • reciprocal altruism xiv
  • reciprocity 238, 239
  • Reformation, the 70, 81, 83, 91, 121
  • Regent’s Park, London 41-2, 43, 198-9
  • Reich, Robert: The Work of Nations 128
  • relationships, importance of 57-8, 61, 101-4
  • relativism 28, 33-6, 38, 39, 40, 46, 49, 210-17
  • religion 8, 33, 36, 127, 212
    • and the Enlightenment 104-5, 146, 262-3
    • and morality 20, 75-6, 91, 93-4, 110
    • and politics 68-70, 136-7, 140-1
    • wars of 70, 105, 142
    • see also Judaism; Reformation
  • Rembrandt van Rijn 82
  • responsibility 40
    • ‘nationalisation of 132
  • Ricardo, David 81, 146
  • Ridley, Matt: The Origins of Virtue 235n
  • Rieff, Philip 94
    • The Triumph of the Therapeutic 120
  • Riesman, David, Glazer, Nathan and Denney, Reuel: The Lonely Crowd 250
  • rights 28-9, 36, 39, 114-15, 120, 130, 131, 164-5, 234
  • Roberts, Robert: The Classic Slum … 252
  • Roge, Carl 117
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D. 115
  • Roskies, David: Against the Apocalypse … 149
  • Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 33, 49, 103, 116-17, 146, 234, 261, 264
    • The Social Contract 59
  • Roussel, Louis 187
  • Rowntree (Joseph) Foundation 187-8
  • Ruse, Michael, and Wilson, Edward O.: ‘The Evolution of Ethics’ 92
  • Rushdie, Salman: The Satanic Verses 28, 257n
  • Russell, Bertrand 90-1
    • History of Western Philosophy 39
  • Rutter, Michael, and
  • Smith, David: Psychosocial Disorders in Young People 11, 125
  • Ryle, Gilbert 144

S

  • Sadducees 154, 156, 157, 159, 160
  • Salanter, Rabbi Israel 15
  • Sandel, Michael 115, 169, 175, 177, 190, 191
    • Democracy’s Discontent 48, 164
    • Liberalism and the Limits of Justice 161, 162, 163-4
  • Sartre, Jean-Paul 100, 101, 121
    • Anti-Semite and Jew 100
    • Existentialism and Humanism 95-6, 214-15
  • schools xiv, 7, 37, 117, 120
  • Schopenhauer, Arthur 99, 101
  • Schumpeter, Joseph 34, 242
    • Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy 240
  • science 33, 105, 180, 228
  • Scruton, Roger 49, 195
    • The Conservative Idea of Community 172, 190-1, 192
    • The Philosopher on Dover Beach 229
  • Selbourne, David 11, 49
  • self-interest 235, 236, 239
  • Sennett, Richard: The Fall of Public Man 230
  • Shakespeare, William: Hamlet 82
    • Troilus and Cressida 223
  • Sheehy, Gail: Passages … 85
  • Shelley, Percy Bysshe: Ozymandias 233
    • Prometheus Unbound 98, 106, 133
  • Sherborne House 17-18
  • Shils, Edward: Tradition 180n, 181
  • Singer, Isaac Bashevis 233
  • single parents 187, 188-9, 196
  • slavery 36, 93, 220-1
  • Smiles, Samuel 249, 251, 255
  • Smith, Adam 81, 82, 206, 239, 249
    • The Theory of Moral Sentiments 242
    • The Wealth of Nations 234-5, 242
  • Smith, David see Rutter, Michael
  • social capital xiv, xv, 239
  • ‘social covenant’ xi
  • social contracts xi, 58-9, 63-4, 135, 162, 209
  • social goods xiii
  • socialism 235
  • society/societies 1, 3-4, 42-3, 50-2, 198
    • civil and political 55-65, 67, 73-6, 135-40, 158, 243, 268-9
    • and the individual 77-86, 162-4
    • problems of 43-50
    • see also crime etc.; and the state 47-8, 161-72
  • Society for the Prevention of Pauperism 119
  • Solzhenitsyn, Alexander 124
  • Soros, George xii
    • The Crisis of global Capitalism 242-3
  • Spinoza, Baruch 71-2, 144
  • Stark, Werner 83
  • state, the (government) 14, 16, 43, 47-8, 76
    • and the church 68-70, 73, 76, 136-7
    • and community 16, 73, 170-2, 264-5
    • and the individual xii, 1-2, 14, 15, 49-50, 60, 71-2, 105, 132-3, 161
    • and welfare 2, 37, 61-2, 113, 114-15, 116, 118-20, 126, 128-9, 132
  • Steiner, George: Real Presences 145n
  • Stephen, Leslie 120
  • Strawson, P. F.: Freedom and Resentment 216
  • suicide 11, 125, 133, 186
  • Sunday, deregulation of 199-202
  • Sunday Times 9n
  • surveys 8, 11, 131, 186-8
  • survival of the fittest 237
  • Sykes, Charles 132
    • Dumbing Down Our Kids 183

T

  • Taine, Hippolyte: Notes on England 41-2, 251-2
  • Tawney, R.H. 25
    • Equality 203
    • The Radical Tradition 226
  • taxation 113, 230
  • Taylor, A. J. P.: English History 1914-1945 113
  • Taylor, Charles 164-5, 169, 175, 190
    • Sources of the Self 219
  • teachers 20-1, 26, 117, 132, 176 see also education; schools
  • Temple, Archbishop William 25
  • Thatcher, Margaret 1, 2, 50, 127, 162, 262
  • Third Sector xii, xiii, xiv
  • Third Way xii
  • Times, The xi, 21, 255
  • Tit-for-Tat 237-8
  • Tocqueville, Alexis de 49, 77, 166, 241
    • Democracy in America 74, 78-80, 81-2, 110, 111, 113,120, 166-70, 191, 206, 213, 225, 252, 265
    • The Old Regime and the French Revolution 77, 206-7
  • Todd, Emmanuel: The Explanation of Ideology … 191
  • toleration 66, 70-1, 72, 73
  • Torah, the 150-2, 153, 154
  • totalitarianism 35, 38, 73, 113, 268
  • town planning 50-1
  • tradition(s)
    • morality and 32-3, 87-9, 96
    • role of 172, 173-84
  • Trainspotting (film) 11
  • Trilling, Lionel 120, 142
  • Beyond Culture 120-1
  • Sincerity and Authenticity 77, 152
  • Trivers, Robert 206

U

  • unemployment 126, 127
  • universalism 102, 105, 107, 108
  • utilitarianism 91-2, 101, 102-3, 180, 215

V

  • ‘values’ 37, 38, 39
  • Vespasian 154
  • Victorian era 22, 41-2, 47, 56, 74-5, 119-20, 185, 245-57
  • violence 9, 12, 13, 28-9, 30, 48 see also crime
  • virtue(s) 15, 37, 39, 49, 120, 129, 169, 178-9, 209, 213, 214, 220, 222, 232
  • vocabulary: changes in 180-1 see also language
  • Voltaire 99, 142
  • voluntary organisations xi, 168, 169, 172, 224-5
    • Victorian 74-5, 251

W

  • Walpole, Horace 247
  • Walzer, Michael 49, 164, 169, 175, 190
    • Citizenship and Civil Society 241
    • Exodus and Revolution 259
    • Spheres of Justice 165-6, 222n, 230
  • war(s) 76, 113-14, 123
    • of religion 70, 105, 142
  • Webb, Beatrice 254
  • Weber, Max 69, 240
    • The Protestant Ethic … 83
  • welfare see under state, the
  • Whitehead, Barbara 188-9
  • Willetts, David 49
  • Williams, Bernard: Moral Luck 143
  • Williams, Raymond: Keywords . . . 180
  • Wilson, Edward O. see Ruse, Michael
  • Wilson, James Q. 7, 49
    • (with Herrnstein) Crime and Human Nature 253
    • The Moral Sense 35, 185
  • Wittgenstein, Ludwig: Philosophical Investigations 17, 27
  • Wolfenden Committee 112
  • Wright, Robert: The Moral Animal 235n
  • Wycliffe, John 121

Y

Yeats, W. B.: The Second Coming 12
Yorke, Dr Clifford: Childhood and Social Truth 190

Z

  • Zionism 175, 256